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Total productive maintenance: literature review and directions

I.P.S. Ahuja (Punjabi University, Patiala, India)
J.S. Khamba (Punjabi University, Patiala, India)

International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management

ISSN: 0265-671X

Article publication date: 1 August 2008




The purpose of this paper is to review the literature on Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) and to present an overview of TPM implementation practices adopted by the manufacturing organizations. It also seeks to highlight appropriate enablers and success factors for eliminating barriers in successful TPM implementation.


The paper systematically categorizes the published literature and then analyzes and reviews it methodically.


The paper reveals the important issues in Total Productive Maintenance ranging from maintenance techniques, framework of TPM, overall equipment effectiveness (OEE), TPM implementation practices, barriers and success factors in TPM implementation, etc. The contributions of strategic TPM programmes towards improving manufacturing competencies of the organizations have also been highlighted here.

Practical implications

The literature on classification of Total Productive Maintenance has so far been very limited. The paper reviews a large number of papers in this field and presents the overview of various TPM implementation practices demonstrated by manufacturing organizations globally. It also highlights the approaches suggested by various researchers and practitioners and critically evaluates the reasons behind failure of TPM programmes in the organizations. Further, the enablers and success factors for TPM implementation have also been highlighted for ensuring smooth and effective TPM implementation in the organizations.


The paper contains a comprehensive listing of publications on the field in question and their classification according to various attributes. It will be useful to researchers, maintenance professionals and others concerned with maintenance to understand the significance of TPM.



Ahuja, I.P.S. and Khamba, J.S. (2008), "Total productive maintenance: literature review and directions", International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, Vol. 25 No. 7, pp. 709-756.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2008, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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