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A cross‐cultural validation of a gender role identity scale in marketing

Susan M.B. Schertzer (Department of Marketing, James F. Dicke College of Business, Ohio Northern University, Ada, Ohio, USA)
Daniel Laufer (Sy Syms School of Business, Yeshiva University, New York, USA)
David H. Silvera (Department of Marketing, College of Business, The University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, USA)
J. Brad McBride (ITAM – Mexico City, San Angel, Mexico)

International Marketing Review

ISSN: 0265-1335

Article publication date: 30 May 2008




The purpose of this paper is to explore the cross‐cultural efficacy of a gender identity scale commonly used in marketing: the shortened version of the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) measure developed by Barak and Stern, the Gender Trait Index (GTI).


Data were collected in the USA, Mexico, and Norway, and confirmatory factor analysis was used to assess the cross‐cultural equivalence of the GTI.


Configural, metric and partial scalar invariance of a revised 16‐item measure were supported.


The validated 16‐item GTI scale will enhance measurement applications and theory building in cross‐cultural research, and further the authors' understanding of the role that gender identity plays in consumer decision making.



Schertzer, S.M.B., Laufer, D., Silvera, D.H. and Brad McBride, J. (2008), "A cross‐cultural validation of a gender role identity scale in marketing", International Marketing Review, Vol. 25 No. 3, pp. 312-323.



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Copyright © 2008, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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