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The role of national culture in international marketing research

Jan‐Benedict E. M. Steenkamp (Tilburg University, The Netherlands)

International Marketing Review

ISSN: 0265-1335

Article publication date: 1 February 2001



Reviews and discusses the role of national culture in international marketing research. Special emphasis is given to national cultural frameworks. The two main national cultural frameworks – the Hofstede and the Schwartz – are discussed. Their interrelations are examined and four comprehensive national‐cultural dimensions are derived – autonomy versus collectivism, egalitarianism versus hierarchy, mastery versus nurturance, and uncertainty avoidance. The usefulness of national culture as an analytical basis in international marketing research is discussed and the construct of national culture is placed in the context of layers of culture, ranging from global cultures to micro cultures. Acculturation processes to other national cultures and antecedents of national culture are examined. The paper ends with concluding remarks and suggestions for future research.



Steenkamp, J.E.M. (2001), "The role of national culture in international marketing research", International Marketing Review, Vol. 18 No. 1, pp. 30-44.




Copyright © 2001, MCB UP Limited

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