MHD natural convection flow from an isothermal horizontal circular cylinder under consideration of temperature dependent viscosity

Md. Mamun Molla (Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada)
Suvash C. Saha (School of Chemistry, Physics and Mechanical Engineering, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia)
M.A.I. Khan (Pathogen Control Engineering Institute, School of Civil Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK)

Engineering Computations

ISSN: 0264-4401

Publication date: 9 November 2012



The purpose of this paper is to discuss, with numerical simulations, magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) natural convection laminar flow from an isothermal horizontal circular cylinder immersed in a fluid with viscosity proportional to a linear function of temperature.


The governing boundary layer equations are transformed into a non‐dimensional form and the resulting nonlinear system of partial differential equations are reduced to convenient form, which are solved numerically by two very efficient methods: implicit finite difference method together with Keller box scheme; and direct numerical scheme.


Numerical results are presented by velocity and temperature distributions of the fluid as well as heat transfer characteristics, namely the shearing stress and the local heat transfer rate in terms of the local skin‐friction coefficient and the local Nusselt number for a wide range of MHD parameter, viscosity‐variation parameter and viscous dissipation parameter.


MHD flow in this geometry with temperature dependent viscosity is absent in the literature. IN this paper, the results obtained from the numerical simulations have been verified by two methodologies.



Molla, M., Saha, S.C. and Khan, M.A.I. (2012), "MHD natural convection flow from an isothermal horizontal circular cylinder under consideration of temperature dependent viscosity", Engineering Computations, Vol. 29 No. 8, pp. 875-887.

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