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Knowledge elicitation approach in enhancing tacit knowledge sharing

S.L. Ting (Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong)
W.M. Wang (Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong)
Y.K. Tse (Nottingham University Business School, Nottingham, UK)
W.H. Ip (Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong)

Industrial Management & Data Systems

ISSN: 0263-5577

Article publication date: 23 August 2011

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present an automatic Medical Knowledge Elicitation System (MediKES), which is designed to improve elicitation and sharing of tacit knowledge acquired by physicians. The system leverages the clinical information stored in electronic medical record systems, by representing the acquired information in a series of knowledge maps.

Design/methodology/approach

The system architecture of the proposed MediKES is first discussed, and then a case study on an application of the proposed system in a Hong Kong medical organization is presented to illustrate the adoption process and highlight the benefits that can be realized from deployment of the MediKES.

Findings

The results of the case study show that the proposed solution is more reliable and powerful than traditional knowledge elicitation approaches in capturing physicians' tacit knowledge, transforming it into a machine‐readable form, as well as enhancing the quality of the medical judgment made by physicians.

Practical implications

A prototype system has been constructed and implemented on a trial basis in a medical organization. It has proven to be of benefit to healthcare professionals through its automatic functions in representing and visualizing physicians' diagnostic decisions.

Originality/value

Knowledge is key to improving the quality of the medical judgment of physicians. However, researchers and practitioners are still striving for more effective ways of capturing tacit knowledge and transforming it into a machine‐readable form so as to enhance knowledge sharing. In this paper, the authors reveal that the knowledge retrieval and the visual knowledge representation functions of the proposed system are able to facilitate knowledge sharing among physicians. Thus, junior physicians can use it as a decision support tool in making better diagnostic decisions.

Keywords

Citation

Ting, S.L., Wang, W.M., Tse, Y.K. and Ip, W.H. (2011), "Knowledge elicitation approach in enhancing tacit knowledge sharing", Industrial Management & Data Systems, Vol. 111 No. 7, pp. 1039-1064. https://doi.org/10.1108/02635571111161280

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited