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Facilities design incorporating just‐in‐time principles for ramp‐up light factories in Singapore

Sui Pheng Low (National University of Singapore, Singapore)
Mei Ying Show (National University of Singapore, Singapore)


ISSN: 0263-2772

Article publication date: 23 May 2008




The purpose of this paper is to show how the successful implementation of the just‐in‐time (JIT) philosophy in the manufacturing industry has helped to reduce cost and time and increase quality of products. Existing studies on JIT principles in the building industry were predominantly focused on the construction stage.


The empirical part consisted of pilot interviews with architects who designed ramp‐up light factories and a survey of tenants operating out of these factories.


The findings from the survey of tenants suggest that architectural designs, in terms of space and layout, have met the tenants' operational facilities needs. The tenants were generally satisfied with the ramp‐up light factory facilities design features, in relation to the relevant JIT principles.

Research limitations/implications

The empirical findings were based on the user's perceptions and not on analyzing the actual physical facilities design of the ramp‐up factories with respect to JIT principles. This area is recommended for future research.

Practical implications

The application of JIT principles to further improve the facilities design of ramp‐up light factories would help to reduce waiting time and double handling of goods during transportation. In addition, the application of JIT principles also enhances the smooth flow of delivery to every unit with less damage to the quality of the goods being delivered.


This exploratory study is not about how the management of the design process can be improved. Rather, it examines, for the first time, whether the application of JIT principles to improving the facilities design of ramp‐up light factories would effectively meet the tenants' operational facilities needs and improve their productivity after they have moved into the premises.



Pheng Low, S. and Ying Show, M. (2008), "Facilities design incorporating just‐in‐time principles for ramp‐up light factories in Singapore", Facilities, Vol. 26 No. 7/8, pp. 321-342.



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Copyright © 2008, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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