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Homophobia and same‐sex partnership legislation in Europe

Judit Takács (Institute of Sociology of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary,)
Ivett Szalma (Corvinus University of Budapest, Budapest, Hungary Institute of Sociology of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary)
and

Equality, Diversity and Inclusion

ISSN: 2040-7149

Article publication date: 28 June 2011

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Abstract

Purpose

This paper seeks to answer the practical question whether the institutionalisation level of same‐sex relationships can affect the social acceptance of lesbian women and gay men in Europe, and highlight some of the factors that can potentially determine the incidence of homophobia in 26 European countries.

Design/methodology/approach

The study contributes to the literature on acceptance of lesbian women and gay men in Europe by using the European Social Survey dataset, focusing especially on a key variable measuring the agreement level with the statement that gay men and lesbians should be free to live their own life as they wish. For data analyses, explanatory models were constructed by applying multilevel mixed‐effects linear regression.

Findings

The study presented empirically tested arguments that the introduction of same‐sex partnership legislation can lead to a decrease of anti‐gay/lesbian attitudes, as has happened in the European countries examined in this study.

Research limitations/implications

Future research in more societies is needed to examine the long‐term effects of the introduction of same‐sex partnership legislation on homophobia.

Social implications

A key policy implication of highlighting that the provision of equal rights for gay and lesbian citizens in the form of same‐sex marriage and registered partnership can positively influence attitudes, is to urge policy‐makers to introduce these legal frameworks in order to create a more inclusive society.

Originality/value

The content presented in this paper is based on the authors’ own original research.

Keywords

Citation

Takács, J. and Szalma, I. (2011), "Homophobia and same‐sex partnership legislation in Europe", Equality, Diversity and Inclusion, Vol. 30 No. 5, pp. 356-378. https://doi.org/10.1108/02610151111150627

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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