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Design and development of impact‐resistant sensor node for launch deployment into closed area

Kei Sawai (Department of Information and Communication Engineering, Tokyo Denki University, Tokyo, Japan)
Shigeaki Tanabe (Department of Information and Communication Engineering, Tokyo Denki University, Tokyo, Japan)
Hitoshi Kono (Fujitsu Limited, Tokyo, Japan)
Tsuyoshi Suzuki (Department of Information and Communication Engineering, Tokyo Denki University, Tokyo, Japan)
Kuniaki Kawabata (Molecular & Information Life Science Research Unit, RIKEN (The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research), Saitama, Japan)

Sensor Review

ISSN: 0260-2288

Article publication date: 7 September 2012

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to propose a novel wireless sensor node (SN), with impact resistant capability, for launch deployment into closed areas. In disaster areas, gathering disaster area information is crucially important to prevent secondary disasters. However, gathering information is usually associated with the risk of death and/or accident for rescue workers in closed areas. The authors propose the SN for gathering information in dangerous places, inaccessible to rescue workers and robots, by utilizing launch deployment.

Design/methodology/approach

Buffer material is essential when designing an impact‐resistant structure. The authors adopted the air cushion as general buffer material when considering the directional characteristics of sensor mounting and wireless communication quality and developed the expression for determining the thickness of the air cushion using the parameters of SN size, mass, air pressure and acceleration. The authors developed a sensor node with impact resistant structure by utilizing the proposed determination method of air cushion thickness.

Findings

In the evaluation of impact resistant structure in free fall, launch deployment, the authors verified that the impact resistant structure protected the SN, and the performance of configured devices on the SN. Then, the authors examined the effect of the impact‐resistant structure on wireless communication between SNs. The structure had no effect on electric field intensity, throughput, or packet jitter, which confirmed that the wireless communication capacity was unaffected by the structure.

Originality/value

In this paper, a new design method is stated for a sensor node with an impact‐resistant structure by utilizing an air cushion as a general buffer material.

Keywords

Citation

Sawai, K., Tanabe, S., Kono, H., Suzuki, T. and Kawabata, K. (2012), "Design and development of impact‐resistant sensor node for launch deployment into closed area", Sensor Review, Vol. 32 No. 4, pp. 318-326. https://doi.org/10.1108/02602281211257551

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2012, Emerald Group Publishing Limited