Review of the potential of a wireless MEMS microsystem for biomedical applications

A. Arshak (Department of Physics, University of Limerick, Plassey Technological Park, Limerick, Ireland)
K. Arshak (Department of Electronic and Computer Engineering, University of Limerick, Plassey Technological Park, Limerick, Ireland)
G. Lyons (Department of Electronic and Computer Engineering, University of Limerick, Plassey Technological Park, Limerick, Ireland)
D. Waldron (Mid Western Regional Hospital, Limerick, Ireland)
D. Morris (Department of Physics, University of Limerick, Plassey Technological Park, Limerick, Ireland)
O. Korostynska (Department of Electronic and Computer Engineering, University of Limerick, Plassey Technological Park, Limerick, Ireland)
E. Jafer (Department of Electronic and Computer Engineering, University of Limerick, Plassey Technological Park, Limerick, Ireland)

Sensor Review

ISSN: 0260-2288

Publication date: 1 December 2005

Abstract

Purpose

Telemetry capsules have existed since the 1950s and were used to measure temperature, pH or pressure inside the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. It was hoped that these capsules would replace invasive techniques in the diagnosis of function disorders in the GI tract. However, problems such as signal loss and uncertainty of the pills position limited their use in a clinical setting. In this paper, a review of the capabilities of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) for the fabrication of a wireless pressure sensor microsystem is presented.

Design/methodology/approach

The circuit requirements and methods of data transfer are examined. The available fabrication methods for MEMS sensors are also discussed and examples of wireless sensors are given. Finally, the drawbacks of using this technology are examined.

Findings

MEMS for use in wireless monitoring of pressure in the GI tract have been investigated. It has been shown that capacitive pressure sensors are particularly suitable for this purpose. Sensors fabricated for wireless continuous monitoring of pressure have been reviewed. Great progress, especially using surface micromachining, has been made in recent years. However, despite these advances, some challenges remain.

Originality/value

Provides a review of the capabilities of MEMS.

Keywords

Citation

Arshak, A., Arshak, K., Lyons, G., Waldron, D., Morris, D., Korostynska, O. and Jafer, E. (2005), "Review of the potential of a wireless MEMS microsystem for biomedical applications", Sensor Review, Vol. 25 No. 4, pp. 277-286. https://doi.org/10.1108/02602280510700467

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Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2005, Authors

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