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Assembly planning with automated retrieval of assembly sequences from CAD model information

Roberto Viganò (Mechanical Department, Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy)
Gilberto Osorio Gómez (Design Engineering Research Group, EAFIT University, Medellín, Colombia)

Assembly Automation

ISSN: 0144-5154

Article publication date: 21 September 2012



The purpose of this paper is to define an approach to extract the liaison graph from a 3D CAD model and analyze a method to find at least a feasible assembly sequence for the product. The method could be useful to search the optimal sequence of assembling for a product, by comparing different sequences extracted in automatic mode from a 3D CAD model.


The method proposed analyzes the liaison graph extracted, in order to obtain the possible assembly sequences for the product under study. The extraction of the sequences is based on some attributes and parameters of the graph.


By means of the method proposed it is possible to obtain in automatic mode the liaison graph of an assembly 3D CAD model. Moreover, the study of the graph obtained allows the definition of all the assembly sequences for the product. Finally, it is possible to analyse the sequences found to select the optimal sequence.

Research limitations/implications

The major limitation of the approach is, actually, the great number of impossible sequences that are extracted. For this, a little intervention by the user is required.

Practical implications

The application of the method allows the manufacturer to analyze and study the optimal assembly sequence without the direct use of a CAD system. The approach could be used at the early stage of the design process and by means of the database of the PDM/PLM systems.


The approach proposed in the paper is an original method to extract a liaison graph from a 3D CAD model. The approach to extract the assembly sequences was compared with other methods and good results have been obtained.



Viganò, R. and Osorio Gómez, G. (2012), "Assembly planning with automated retrieval of assembly sequences from CAD model information", Assembly Automation, Vol. 32 No. 4, pp. 347-360.



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