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On the marginal social cost of cash‐cum‐in‐kind transfers

Lucas Duarte (São Paulo School of Economics, São Paulo, Brazil)
Enlinson Mattos (São Paulo School of Economics, São Paulo, Brazil)
Juliana Serillo (São Paulo School of Economics, São Paulo, Brazil)

Journal of Economic Studies

ISSN: 0144-3585

Article publication date: 27 September 2011

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to characterize that the marginal social cost of public funds and to estimate the response of labor supply to these publicly provided goods, and simulate the marginal social cost of cash‐cum‐in‐kind transfers (MSCKT) for Brazil.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper provides a theoretical model based on Wildasin to characterize the marginal social cost of public funds. Next it estimates using instrumental variables approach the variables necessary to calibrate our theoretical model.

Findings

The marginal social cost of public funds depends on the relation between labor supply and the cash‐cum‐in‐kind transfers. Last, the simulations suggest that MSCKT can increase up to 12.4 percent if compared with cases in which is assumed ordinary independence between labor and the bundle of goods provided by the public sector.

Research limitations/implications

Further panel data experiments based on municipal public finance data should be conducted in order to circumvent the agents' heterogeneity problem inherent in cross section analysis – and individuals' labor supply response could be more sensitive at this data level. Finally, such cost‐benefit analysis makes more sense when a specific project is considered and therefore its effects on the taxed good can be clearly estimated leading to a more reliable estimative of the marginal social cost of funding that project.

Social implications

Governments should take the actual social cost of public policies into consideration before undertaking any new project.

Originality/value

The paper is useful to characterize the marginal social cost of public funds, estimate the necessary parameters and, last, to calibrate its correspondent using Brazilian data.

Keywords

Citation

Duarte, L., Mattos, E. and Serillo, J. (2011), "On the marginal social cost of cash‐cum‐in‐kind transfers", Journal of Economic Studies, Vol. 38 No. 5, pp. 577-603. https://doi.org/10.1108/01443581111161832

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited