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Money demand, financial liberalization and currency substitution in Turkey

Irfan Civcir (Faculty of Political Sciences, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey)

Journal of Economic Studies

ISSN: 0144-3585

Article publication date: 1 October 2003



This paper investigates the empirical relationship between money, real income, interest rates, inflation and expected exchange rate, and examines the constancy of this relationship, especially in the light of financial reform, deregulation of financial markets and financial crises in Turkey. The estimation results show that expected exchange rate is statistically significant in the money demand function, indicating existence of currency substitution in Turkey. The dynamics of money demand is important, the inflation and income effects are much smaller in the short‐run than long‐run. The results also reveal that the demand for money in Turkey is stable, despite the economic reforms and financial crises.



Civcir, I. (2003), "Money demand, financial liberalization and currency substitution in Turkey", Journal of Economic Studies, Vol. 30 No. 5, pp. 514-534.




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