One problem in studying quality circles (QCs) is the shortage of objective measures of success. Another is the fact that many previous studies have been longitudinal but based on only one site. Presents results of a large sample of over 5,000 QCs which capture some longitudinal aspects of quality circle development and relate them to several objective and subjective measures of success. Contrary to previous small, longitudinal studies which have been reported in the literature, this study found no evidence at the level of organizational QC programmes to support the role of top and middle management in QC success, except for the need for management representation on steering committees. Data suggest that organizations with TQM have more successful QC programmes and (weakly) that older QC programmes are more successful.
Sillince, J., Sykes, G. and Singh, D. (1996), "Implementation, problems, success and longevity of quality circle programmes", International Journal of Operations & Production Management, Vol. 16 No. 4, pp. 88-111. https://doi.org/10.1108/01443579610114112Download as .RIS
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