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Logistics‐production, logistics‐marketing and external integration: Their impact on performance

Cristina Gimenez (Departament d'Economia i Empresa, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain)
Eva Ventura (Departament d'Economia i Empresa, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain)

International Journal of Operations & Production Management

ISSN: 0144-3577

Article publication date: 1 January 2005




This paper examines the logistics‐production and logistics‐marketing interfaces and their relation with the external integration. The study also investigates the causal impact of these internal and external relationships on the company's logistical performance.


An empirical study was conducted in the Spanish FMCG sector and the theoretical model was subjected to analysis using SEM.


The generic results derived from this study are: Internal and external integration influence each other. Integration in the logistics‐marketing interface does not lead to reductions in costs, stock‐outs and lead‐times, while the integration achieved in the logistics‐production interface does improve these performance measures, if there is no external integration. The external collaboration among supply chain members does always contribute to improving firms’ logistical performance.


The study has some limitations: other important members of the grocery supply chain (such as retailers, TPL, etc.) have not been considered and the effect of inter‐firm co‐ordination has only been analyzed from the perspective of the provider (as most studies do). Further research on the logistics‐marketing impact on performance should be carried out and other important supply chain members should be considered.

Practical implications

The study contributes to the existing literature by showing that the impact on performance of internal integration depends on the functional areas that are being integrated and the level of external integration.


It is believed that this paper will be insightful to researchers and managers in the SCM field. For researchers, this paper has provided new lines of research. And, for managers, this paper has shown that there is a positive relationship between firms’ logistical performance and SCM.



Gimenez, C. and Ventura, E. (2005), "Logistics‐production, logistics‐marketing and external integration: Their impact on performance", International Journal of Operations & Production Management, Vol. 25 No. 1, pp. 20-38.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2005, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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