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Operational factors as determinants of expatriate and repatriate success

Leslie O. Morgan (David Eccles School of Business, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA)
Winter Nie (Thunderbird, American Graduate School of International Management, Glendale, Arizona, USA)
Scott T. Young (College of Commerce, DePaul University, Chicago, Illinois, USA)

International Journal of Operations & Production Management

ISSN: 0144-3577

Article publication date: 1 December 2004



Global business frequently requires the expatriation and repatriation of managers and skilled workers. Previous research has focused on cultural and demographic factors that lead to success with this process. This study goes beyond the cultural and demographic issues to examine implications of operational and technology‐related factors, including use of standard practices, degree of technical sophistication of operations, and technical orientation of the employee. Our results indicate that the technical sophistication of operations abroad, use of standard practices at home, technical orientation of the individual, and increased responsibility and promotion all positively contribute to expatriate satisfaction. Repatriate satisfaction is primarily influenced by difficulty in finding a suitable position upon relocation home. The technical orientation of the individual, in turn, has important implications for repatriation success. This research identifies important new operational and technology‐related factors that should be considered by global firms in management of their internationally located operations.



Morgan, L.O., Nie, W. and Young, S.T. (2004), "Operational factors as determinants of expatriate and repatriate success", International Journal of Operations & Production Management, Vol. 24 No. 12, pp. 1247-1268.



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Copyright © 2004, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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