Looks at the reasons for the collapse of both regimes and considers the importance of repression with these developments. Contrasts the methods of Imperial Russia with the Bolsheviks looking at Court proceedings, prison conditions, education and propaganda in prison, exile and the secret police. Concludes that whilst social support is usually seen as essential for survival of a system, repression is not regarded as a positive element but can become the method for a system’s survival and stability.
Shlapentokh, D. (1999), "From “Ancient Regime” to “New Regime”: The case of the Czarist and Bolshevik repressive machinery", International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Vol. 19 No. 5/6, pp. 1-125. https://doi.org/10.1108/01443339910788820
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