Minimally invasive endoscopic surgery and minimally invasive surgery challenge surgical skills due to the operator's separation from the surgical field and the requirements for long instruments with limited dexterity. To overcome the drawbacks of conventional endoscopic instruments computer‐enhanced telemanipulation systems and robotic systems have been developed in the past. This paper summarizes the requirements for minimally invasive robotic assisted surgery and describes a new robot that has been developed at the German Aerospace Center (DLR). The discussion includes a description of the robotic arm, the appropriate control laws, as well as the requirements for actuated and sensorized instruments.
Ortmaier, T., Weiss, H. and Falk, V. (2004), "Design requirements for a new robot for minimally invasive surgery", Industrial Robot, Vol. 31 No. 6, pp. 493-498. https://doi.org/10.1108/01439910410566353
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