Can emotional intelligence be measured and developed?

Victor Dulewicz (Henley Management College, Henley‐on‐Thames, Oxfordshire, UK)
Malcolm Higgs (Henley Management College, Henley‐on‐Thames, Oxfordshire, UK)

Leadership & Organization Development Journal

ISSN: 0143-7739

Publication date: 1 September 1999


Emotional intelligence (EI) is a topic of growing interest. This article describes the design of a new tailored instrument to measure emotional intelligence, which was piloted on 201 managers. Data are presented showing its high reliability and validity. In particular, construct validity is demonstrated using the 16PF, Belbin team roles, Myers‐Briggs type inventory and Type A behaviour. Seven elements (sub‐scales) make up the total questionnaire – self‐awareness; influence; decisive; interpersonal sensitivity; motivation; integrity; and resilience. These are defined in detail, and guidance is given on administration, and reporting which is done through an expert system. Advice on how the results can be used for personal development is also given. Finally, suggestions are put forward for further work on appropriate organisational cultures to reinforce emotional intelligence, and the issue of emotional intelligence and leadership.



Dulewicz, V. and Higgs, M. (1999), "Can emotional intelligence be measured and developed?", Leadership & Organization Development Journal, Vol. 20 No. 5, pp. 242-253.

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Copyright © 1999, MCB UP Limited

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