A unified theory of leadership

Harald S. Harung (Business Consultant and Researcher based in Oslo, Norway)
Dennis P. Heato (Associate Professor and Chair of Management at Maharishi International University, Fairfield, Iowa, USA)
Charles N. Alexander (Professor of Psychology at Maharishi International University, Fairfield, Iowa, USA)

Leadership & Organization Development Journal

ISSN: 0143-7739

Publication date: 1 November 1995


Suggests that development of consciousness is a fundamental causal variable underlying the complexity of behaviours and psychological qualities associated with leadership. This unified model is supported by evidence which indicates that world‐class leaders experience a silent, expanded, restfully alert, and non‐attached state of consciousness, which forms the basis of higher states of consciousness, more frequently than comparison groups. Discusses transcendental meditation, a mental technique which systematically cultivates development of consciousness, as a technology to lay the foundations for more widespread development of leadership.



Harald S. Harung, Dennis P. Heato and Charles N. Alexander (1995) "A unified theory of leadership", Leadership & Organization Development Journal, Vol. 16 No. 7, pp. 44-59

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: https://doi.org/10.1108/01437739510100946




Copyright © 1995, MCB UP Limited

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