Ken Wilber’s spectrum of consciousness, holons and four facets of reality theories are recent concepts that integrate science, psychology, and western and eastern philosophy. These are used to describe how individuals, teams and organization development (OD) need to occur in a balanced way through the four quadrants and levels of development defined by Wilber. The historical emphases of OD are also seen through these four quadrants. Suggestions are made as to how leaders and change agents can use this model to implement a practical yet spiritual way to work. Many modern management practices such as the balanced scorecard, vision statements, team‐building activities and other activities can be easily realigned to this new integrated model. The article concludes by suggesting that evolution is Spirit unfolding itself through time/space and that the work of human organizations is to join in this creative emergence of Spirit. The central role of leadership is described as the development of Spirit at an individual, team and organizational level.
Cacioppe, R. (2000), "Creating spirit at work: re‐visioning organization development and leadership – Part II", Leadership & Organization Development Journal, Vol. 21 No. 2, pp. 110-119. https://doi.org/10.1108/01437730010318200
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