The purpose of this paper is to theoretically and empirically investigate the relative effects of wage subsidies and further vocational training on employment prospects.
The paper adopts a theoretical approach that discusses the effects of two major active labor market programs; empirical test using a large administrative data set from Germany and statistical matching techniques.
Previously subsidized individuals and trained individuals who found a job immediately afterwards have the same employment rates.
Firms value training on a subsidized job as much as formal training programs.
The paper presents a model that draws attention to the role of hiring decisions of firms and to the formation of human capital by training programs and by training on subsidized jobs; estimation of relative average treatment effects on the differentially treated, i.e. participants of two active labor market programs; and comparisons not only of all unemployed but also of unemployed persons taking‐up or keeping a job after program end.
Neubäumer, R. (2012), "Bringing the unemployed back to work in Germany: training programs or wage subsidies?", International Journal of Manpower, Vol. 33 No. 2, pp. 159-177. https://doi.org/10.1108/01437721211225417Download as .RIS
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