Flexible working patterns: towards reconciliation of family and work

Nancy Papalexandris (Athens University of Economics and Business, Athens, Greece)
Robin Kramar (Macquarie Graduate School of Management, Sydney, Australia)

Employee Relations

ISSN: 0142-5455

Publication date: 1 December 1997

Abstract

Observes that historically, family and work were not separated in pre‐industrial societies in which life was a united whole, but that family and work are gradually becoming separated in industrial societies, as work becomes dependent, production becomes centralized, and the relationship of the individual with work impersonal. In Greece there is still some evidence of close relations between family and work due to the large number of very small family firms and the high proportion of the population working in small family farming lots. However, a large percentage of the population work in full‐time traditional jobs. Flexible working patterns such as part‐time, flexi‐time, annual working hours, parental leaves, job sharing, variable working time, telework, condensed working week, as well as contract, pay and task flexibility are not so extensively used in Greece and it is only since 1990 that they are gaining ground. Flexibility at work is a major tool in enhancing economic performance, fighting unemployment and promoting competitiveness. Apart from that, flexibility is needed because it can prove very useful in harmonizing family life with work obligations, provided it takes into consideration family needs, parental obligations and the right of employees to a better quality of life. Presents the current situation on work flexibility in Greece and examines these aspects of flexibility which can prove useful not only in enhancing economic performance but in providing better conditions for the reconciliation between family and work.

Keywords

Citation

Papalexandris, N. and Kramar, R. (1997), "Flexible working patterns: towards reconciliation of family and work", Employee Relations, Vol. 19 No. 6, pp. 581-595. https://doi.org/10.1108/01425459710193126

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Publisher

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MCB UP Ltd

Copyright © 1997, MCB UP Limited

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