A preliminary review of competitive reactions in the hip‐hop music industry: Black American entrepreneurs in a new industry

Vickie Cox Edmondson (University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA)

Management Research News

ISSN: 0140-9174

Publication date: 18 July 2008



The aim of this paper is to explore the entry and success of hip‐hop entrepreneurs in the music industry and identify the competitive reactions of well‐established firms within the industry.


The paper used anecdotal data and popular press coverage to trace the evolution of the hip‐hop music industry in the USA and discuss aspects of the marketing strategies of key players in the industry. Additionally, the strategic response of dominant firms to their success within the industry is explored.


Hip‐hop music and its ensuing culture is now a well‐established industry that has enormous marketing power. Although few championed their efforts in the beginning, the contributions of Black American entrepreneurs to the music industry is becoming increasingly recognized by existing firms within the industry and beyond. The failure of major record companies to capitalize on the hip‐hop phenomenon resulted in the creation of new ventures and a new industry. While one could argue that very few key Black American entrepreneurs remain in the industry, the impact and influence of these entrepreneurs and those that have been recruited by major labels suggests that the hip‐hop entrepreneurs should not be ignored.


This paper sheds light on the development of the hip‐hop music industry, which could be of value to aspiring Black American entrepreneurs and marketing managers of companies in other industries that target young urban customers as well as companies that are interested in forming partnerships with Black American entrepreneurs.



Cox Edmondson, V. (2008), "A preliminary review of competitive reactions in the hip‐hop music industry: Black American entrepreneurs in a new industry", Management Research News, Vol. 31 No. 9, pp. 637-649. https://doi.org/10.1108/01409170810898536

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