A review of the time management literature

Brigitte J.C. Claessens (Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, Eindhoven, The Netherlands)
Wendelien van Eerde (Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, Eindhoven, The Netherlands)
Christel G. Rutte (Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, Eindhoven, The Netherlands)
Robert A. Roe (Universiteit Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands)

Personnel Review

ISSN: 0048-3486

Publication date: 13 February 2007

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this article is to provide an overview for those interested in the current state‐of‐the‐art in time management research.

Design/methodology/approach

This review includes 32 empirical studies on time management conducted between 1982 and 2004.

Findings

The review demonstrates that time management behaviours relate positively to perceived control of time, job satisfaction, and health, and negatively to stress. The relationship with work and academic performance is not clear. Time management training seems to enhance time management skills, but this does not automatically transfer to better performance.

Research limitations/implications

The reviewed research displays several limitations. First, time management has been defined and operationalised in a variety of ways. Some instruments were not reliable or valid, which could account for unstable findings. Second, many of the studies were based on cross‐sectional surveys and used self‐reports only. Third, very little attention was given to job and organizational factors. There is a need for more rigorous research into the mechanisms of time management and the factors that contribute to its effectiveness. The ways in which stable time management behaviours can be established also deserves further investigation.

Practical implications

This review makes clear which effects may be expected of time management, which aspects may be most useful for which individuals, and which work characteristics would enhance or hinder positive effects. Its outcomes may help to develop more effective time management practices.

Originality/value

This review is the first to offer an overview of empirical research on time management. Both practice and scientific research may benefit from the description of previous attempts to measure and test the popular notions of time management.

Keywords

Citation

Claessens, B., van Eerde, W., Rutte, C. and Roe, R. (2007), "A review of the time management literature", Personnel Review, Vol. 36 No. 2, pp. 255-276. https://doi.org/10.1108/00483480710726136

Download as .RIS

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2007, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Please note you might not have access to this content

You may be able to access this content by login via Shibboleth, Open Athens or with your Emerald account.
If you would like to contact us about accessing this content, click the button and fill out the form.
To rent this content from Deepdyve, please click the button.