Analysis of capillary compensated hydrostatic journal bearing operating with micropolar lubricant

Suresh Verma (DCR University of Science and Technology, Sonepat, India)
Vijay Kumar Jadon (Rayat Bahra Institute of Engineering and Nano Technology, Hoshiarpur, India)
K.D. Gupta (DCR University of Science and Technology, Murthal, India)

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology

ISSN: 0036-8792

Publication date: 3 May 2011

Abstract

Purpose

The paper seeks to study, theoretically, the performance characteristics of capillary compensated multi‐recessed hydrostatic journal bearings operating with micropolar lubricant. The finite element method is used to solve the modified Reynolds' equation governing the micropolar lubricant flow in the clearance space of a hydrostatic journal bearing. The performance characteristics of bearing operating with micropolar lubricant are presented and compared with that of Newtonian lubricant, for a wide range of non‐dimensional load, capillary restrictor design parameter and micropolar parameters.

Design/methodology/approach

The modified Reynolds' equation governing the flow of the micropolar lubricant is solved along with restrictor flow equation by finite element method so as to obtain fluid‐film pressures. The iterative procedure is repeated until the converged solution for the fluid‐film pressure field is obtained.

Findings

A study of four‐pocket hydrostatic journal bearing system capillary compensated and operating with micropolar lubricant is presented. The following conclusions are made from the results presented in this study: at a constant load, pocket pressures and minimum film thickness, stiffness coefficients and, the damping coefficients increase with increase in micropolar effect of lubricant as compared to the Newtonian lubricant; the influence of the micropolar parameters of lubricant is more significant upon the minimum fluid‐film thickness at higher values of load and lower values of restrictor design parameter; the non‐dimensional flow decreases with increase in the micropolar effect of the lubricant a given values of restrictor design parameter and load; and the stiffness coefficient in the direction of load is found to be influenced by the micropolar parameters and more significantly at lower values of restrictor design parameter and load.

Originality/value

Studies of capillary compensated multi‐recess hydrostatic journal bearing operating with micropolar fluid/lubricant are not available in the existing literature to the best of authors' knowledge. Although, such bearing has been studied with Newtonian lubricant and available in open literature. Therefore, this paper is an original piece of work in the area of micropolar lubrication and compensated hydrostatic bearings.

Keywords

Citation

Verma, S., Jadon, V. and Gupta, K. (2011), "Analysis of capillary compensated hydrostatic journal bearing operating with micropolar lubricant", Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Vol. 63 No. 3, pp. 192-202. https://doi.org/10.1108/00368791111126617

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Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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