This paper aims to review the metabolism, epidemiology and treatment of vitamin D and calcium insufficiency as well as its relation to rickets and diabetes type 1 during childhood and adolescence.
The most up‐to‐date and pertinent studies within the literature are included in this narrative review.
Vitamin D deficiency is common in developing countries and exists in both childhood and adult life. The great importance of vitamin D is the moderation of calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) homeostasis as well as the absorption of Ca. While insufficiency of vitamin D is a significant contributing factor to the risk of rickets in childhood, it is possible that a more marginal deficiency of vitamin D during life span contributes to osteoporosis as well as potentially to the development of various other chronic diseases such as diabetes type 1.
This paper gives a concise, up‐to‐date overview to nutritionists and dietitians on how vitamin D deficiency may effect rickets and type 1 diabetes.
Papandreou, D., Karabouta, Z. and Rousso, I. (2010), "Effects of low vitamin D status in rickets and type 1 diabetes in children", Nutrition & Food Science, Vol. 40 No. 5, pp. 447-455. https://doi.org/10.1108/00346651011076956Download as .RIS
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