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Nutritional status of Brazilian lactating women

Maria das Graças Tavares do Carmo (Maria das Graças Tavares do Carmo is a Professor at the Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.)
Luciléia Granhen Tavares Colares (Luciléia Granhen Tavares Colares is a Professor at the Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.)
Gilza Sandre‐Pereira (Gilza Sandre‐Pereira is a Professor at the Department of Public Health, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.)
Eliane de Abreu Soares (Eliane de Abreu Soares is a Professors at the Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.)

Nutrition & Food Science

ISSN: 0034-6659

Article publication date: 1 August 2001

582

Abstract

Dietary intake and anthropometric measurements (body weight and skinfold thickness) of 42 lactating mothers were monitored for six months postpartum. Dietary questionnaires were also applied. Nutrient consumption was compared with the recommended dietary allowances. The corporal weight decreased gradually over the period. The thigh skinfold was the one that reached statistically significant variation. The mean energy intake was 1,911 kcal/day and 2,144 kcal/day during first and sixth months respectively. The daily most consumed foods, within the respective food groups, were: rice, bread, beans, milk, fish, bananas, oranges, fruit juices and oil. The diets were hyperproteic during the studied period. Dietary inadequacies regarding micronutrients were also observed, especially for folate, Zn and calcium. These results indicate that the Brazilian lactating women of low socioeconomic status are at high risk of energy and nutrient inadequacies. This information may be of great value to improve lactating women’s diets.

Keywords

Citation

das Graças Tavares do Carmo, M., Granhen Tavares Colares, L., Sandre‐Pereira, G. and de Abreu Soares, E. (2001), "Nutritional status of Brazilian lactating women", Nutrition & Food Science, Vol. 31 No. 4, pp. 194-200. https://doi.org/10.1108/00346650110392280

Publisher

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MCB UP Ltd

Copyright © 2001, MCB UP Limited

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