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Physical fitness and health‐related parameters in vegetarian and omnivorous students

P. Clarys (P. Clarys is at the Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium.)
P. Deriemaeker (P. Deriemaeker is at the Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium.)
M. Hebbelinck (M. Hebbelinck is at the Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium.)

Nutrition & Food Science

ISSN: 0034-6659

Article publication date: 1 October 2000

Abstract

The completeness of a vegetarian diet is often questioned. Nevertheless, the literature indicates that a well balanced vegetarian diet is often healthier since the prevalence of prosperity diseases is significantly lower in vegetarians compared to omnivores. A total of 24 vegetarian students were examined regarding food intake, several critical blood parameters, physical performance and anthropometrical measures. The vegetarian population was compared with 24 omnivorous students for the same parameters. A lower energy intake for the vegetarians compared to the non‐vegetarians was found. The distribution of the three macronutrients differed significantly between the two populations. Vitamin intake was comparable and within the recommended daily intake. A similar profile was found for the mineral intake. The blood profile showed significantly lower vitamin B12 values for the vegetarians compared to the non‐vegetarians but values were within the recommended limits. Physical performance and anthropometric were completely comparable between the two populations.

Keywords

Citation

Clarys, P., Deriemaeker, P. and Hebbelinck, M. (2000), "Physical fitness and health‐related parameters in vegetarian and omnivorous students", Nutrition & Food Science, Vol. 30 No. 5, pp. 243-249. https://doi.org/10.1108/00346650010341025

Publisher

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MCB UP Ltd

Copyright © 2000, MCB UP Limited