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Automated classification of web pages in hierarchical browsing

Koraljka Golub (UK Office for Library Networking, University of Bath, Bath, UK)
Marianne Lykke (Royal School of Library and Information Science, Copenhagen, Denmark)

Journal of Documentation

ISSN: 0022-0418

Article publication date: 16 October 2009



The purpose of this study is twofold: to investigate whether it is meaningful to use the Engineering Index (Ei) classification scheme for browsing, and then, if proven useful, to investigate the performance of an automated classification algorithm based on the Ei classification scheme.


A user study was conducted in which users solved four controlled searching tasks. The users browsed the Ei classification scheme in order to examine the suitability of the classification systems for browsing. The classification algorithm was evaluated by the users who judged the correctness of the automatically assigned classes.


The study showed that the Ei classification scheme is suited for browsing. Automatically assigned classes were on average partly correct, with some classes working better than others. Success of browsing showed to be correlated and dependent on classification correctness.

Research limitations/implications

Further research should address problems of disparate evaluations of one and the same web page. Additional reasons behind browsing failures in the Ei classification scheme also need further investigation.

Practical implications

Improvements for browsing were identified: describing class captions and/or listing their subclasses from start; allowing for searching for words from class captions with synonym search (easily provided for Ei since the classes are mapped to thesauri terms); when searching for class captions, returning the hierarchical tree expanded around the class in which caption the search term is found. The need for improvements of classification schemes was also indicated.


A user‐based evaluation of automated subject classification in the context of browsing has not been conducted before; hence the study also presents new findings concerning methodology.



Golub, K. and Lykke, M. (2009), "Automated classification of web pages in hierarchical browsing", Journal of Documentation, Vol. 65 No. 6, pp. 901-925.



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Copyright © 2009, Emerald Group Publishing Limited