Effect of composition of gluten proteins and dough rheological properties on the cookie‐making quality

Sheweta Barak (Department of Food Technology, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, Haryana, India)
Deepak Mudgil (Department of Food Technology, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, Haryana, India)
Bhupendar Singh Khatkar (Department of Food Technology, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, Haryana, India)

British Food Journal

ISSN: 0007-070X

Publication date: 12 April 2013

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the paper is to study the effect of the gliadin and glutenin fractions of gluten on the cookie quality.

Design/methodology/approach

Ten different wheat varieties were analyzed for the flour physicochemical characteristics, gluten composition and rheological properties. The different flours were baked into cookies. The cookies were analyzed for spread ratio and texture. Relationships of various flour parameters, gluten composition and cookie characteristics were determined.

Findings

Gluten subfractions, damaged starch, protein, AWRC values were significantly correlated to the cookie spread and texture. Damaged starch (r=−0.638), protein (r=−0.508) and AWRC (r=−0.844) had a negative relationship with the cookie spread. The flours with higher SDS sedimentation value also produced cookies with lower spread ratio and harder texture. The study clearly demonstrated a positive correlation between Gli:Glu ratio (r=0.765) and spread ratio and a negative correlation (r=−0.528) with hardness of the cookies measured in terms of breaking force. Flours with lower dough development time and dough stability performed better as cookie flours.

Originality/value

The gliadins and Gli/Glu ratio had a significant effect on the cookie spread and texture and the prediction equation developed during the study could accurately predict the cookie spread from the Gli/Glu ratio and AWRC values.

Keywords

Citation

Barak, S., Mudgil, D. and Singh Khatkar, B. (2013), "Effect of composition of gluten proteins and dough rheological properties on the cookie‐making quality", British Food Journal, Vol. 115 No. 4, pp. 564-574. https://doi.org/10.1108/00070701311317847

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Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2013, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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