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Foodborne diseases in India – a review

Sudershan Rao Vemula (Food and Drug Toxicology Research Center, National Institute of Nutrition (ICMR), Hyderabad, India)
R. Naveen Kumar (Food and Drug Toxicology Research Center, National Institute of Nutrition (ICMR), Hyderabad, India)
Kalpagam Polasa (Food and Drug Toxicology Research Center, National Institute of Nutrition (ICMR), Hyderabad, India)

British Food Journal

ISSN: 0007-070X

Article publication date: 11 May 2012

1702

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to review the nature and extent of foodborne diseases in India due to chemical and microbial agents.

Design/methodology/approach

The scientific investigations/reports on outbreak of foodborne diseases in India for the past 29 (1980‐2009) years due to adulteration, chemical, and microbiological contamination have been reviewed. Reported scientific information on foodborne pathogens detected and quantified in Indian foods has also been reviewed.

Findings

A total of 37 outbreaks involving 3,485 persons who have been affected due to food poisoning have been reported in India. Although the common forms of foodborne diseases are those due to bacterial contamination of foods, however, higher numbers of deaths have been observed due to chemical contaminants in foods.

Originality/value

A national foodborne disease surveillance system needs to be developed in India in order to enable effective detection, control and prevention of foodborne disease outbreaks.

Keywords

Citation

Rao Vemula, S., Naveen Kumar, R. and Polasa, K. (2012), "Foodborne diseases in India – a review", British Food Journal, Vol. 114 No. 5, pp. 661-680. https://doi.org/10.1108/00070701211229954

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2012, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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