Phosphonic acids are good complexing agents. However, they are not good as inhibitors except for a very few. Synergistic inhibition is offered in the presence of metal cations like Ca2+, Mg2+, Zn2+ and others in neutral media. The zinc ion is an ideal choice. The part of zinc ions are now replaced by polymers, azoles to prepare eco‐friendly inhibitor formulations. They are also used as corrosion inhibitors in concrete, coatings, rubber blends, acid cleaners, anti‐freeze coolants, etc. Discusses the various applications of phosphonic acids and their action mechanisms.
Gunasekaran, G., Natarajan, R., Muralidharan, V., Palaniswamy, N. and Appa Rao, B. (1997), "Inhibition by phosphonic acids ‐ an overview", Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Vol. 44 No. 4, pp. 248-259. https://doi.org/10.1108/00035599710183216Download as .RIS
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