Corrosion pit growth on austenitic stainless steels in chloride containing solution: a quantitative approach

J. González‐Sánchez (Centro de Investigación en Corrosión, Universidad Autónoma de Campeche, Campeche, México)
L. Dzib‐Pérez (Centro de Investigación en Corrosión, Universidad Autónoma de Campeche, Campeche, México and Facultad de Química, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México, México)
E. Garcia‐Ochoa (Centro de Investigación en Corrosión, Universidad Autónoma de Campeche, Campeche, México)
G. Canto (Centro de Investigación en Corrosión, Universidad Autónoma de Campeche, Campeche, México)
M. Sosa‐Baz (Centro de Investigación en Corrosión, Universidad Autónoma de Campeche, Campeche, México)

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials

ISSN: 0003-5599

Publication date: 8 September 2012

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to quantitatively assess the pit growth rate on AISI 304L and AISI 316 austenitic stainless steels in natural seawater and 3.5 wt.% NaCl solutions through electrochemical measurements during the potentiostatic growth of pits.

Design/methodology/approach

A quantitative characterisation was carried out based on chronoamperometric measurements. The volume of dissolved metal per pit was calculated from the charge registered and Faraday's law, considering both, hemispherical and semi‐elliptical pit shapes and the density of the steels. Empirical growth laws for maximum pit depth as a function of polarisation time were obtained and compared with pits volumetric profile obtained from optical microscopy analysis and mechanical removal of material on both steels.

Findings

Electrochemical‐based calculations of localised metal dissolution per pit present acceptable fit with the real volume of dissolved metal on hemispherical pits.

Originality/value

The paper presents the quantitative relationship of the corrosion pit growth rate of stainless steels in chloride containing solution determined by chronoamperometry (electrochemical technique) through the Faraday law's, with the mechanical removal of material (pit profile) through the density of metal.

Keywords

Citation

González‐Sánchez, J., Dzib‐Pérez, L., Garcia‐Ochoa, E., Canto, G. and Sosa‐Baz, M. (2012), "Corrosion pit growth on austenitic stainless steels in chloride containing solution: a quantitative approach", Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Vol. 59 No. 5, pp. 239-245. https://doi.org/10.1108/00035591211265550

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Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2012, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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