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Corrosion inhibition of carbon steel in hydrochloric acid solution by rice bran extracts

Liu Dong (Key Laboratory for Green Chemical Process of Ministry of Education, Wuhan Institute of Technology, Wuhan, China and State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation, Southwest Petroleum University, Chendu, China)
Lin Yuanhua (State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation, Southwest Petroleum University, Chendu, China)
Ding Yigang (Key Laboratory for Green Chemical Process of Ministry of Education, Wuhan Institute of Technology, Wuhan, China)
Zeng Dezhi (State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation, Southwest Petroleum University, Chendu, China)

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials

ISSN: 0003-5599

Article publication date: 28 June 2011

653

Abstract

Purpose

The paper reports an investigation into the use of aqueous extracts of rice bran as a green inhibitor for corrosion of carbon steel in hydrochloric acid (HCl) solution.

Design/methodology/approach

Extracts from the rice bran were used as the main component of an environmentally friendly corrosion inhibitor for use in HCl pickling processes. Inhibition behavior on carbon steel in HCl was investigated by means of mass‐loss tests, polarization curves, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy.

Findings

The results show that the extract exhibited good inhibition performance in 1 M HCl. The inhibition efficiency increased with increase in the concentration of the inhibitor and was only moderately affected by temperature variations in the range 303‐363 K. The inhibitive action was due to adsorption on the A3 steel and the adsorption process was consistent with the Langmuir isotherm. The free energy of adsorption (ΔGads.) was −4.192 kJ/mol. The negative value of ΔGads. indicated spontaneous adsorption of the inhibitor occurred on the surface of A3 steel.

Practical implications

Rice bran extract is an effective inhibitor and can be used to protect carbon steel from corrosion in HCl solution.

Originality/value

The rice bran extracts are an effective green inhibitor and can be widely used in the pickling of metals.

Keywords

Citation

Dong, L., Yuanhua, L., Yigang, D. and Dezhi, Z. (2011), "Corrosion inhibition of carbon steel in hydrochloric acid solution by rice bran extracts", Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Vol. 58 No. 4, pp. 205-210. https://doi.org/10.1108/00035591111148920

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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