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The effect of cobalt oxide on zinc oxide in a new anticorrosive green pigment

Nivin M. Ahmed (Department of Polymers and Pigments, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt)
Adel Attia (Department of Physical Chemistry, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt)
Mohamed M. Selim (Department of Physical Chemistry, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt)

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials

ISSN: 0003-5599

Article publication date: 1 December 2005




Aims to study inhibitive properties of new compounds that are based on the Wurtzite structure of zinc oxide with an admixture of cobalt using zinc oxide as a reference.


The conditions for the preparation of pigments using different ratios of both cobalt and zinc were investigated. Characterization of these pigments was carried out using spectroscopic methods of analysis via X‐ray diffraction, transmission and scanning electron microscopy. Also, evaluations of the pigments prepared, in terms of oil absorption, specific gravity, water‐soluble matter and pH, using international standard testing methods was performed. The pigments prepared were incorporated in anticorrosive paint formulations based on medium oil alkyd resin as a binder. The physico‐mechanical properties of the relevant paint films were obtained, while their anticorrosive properties were assessed by tests in 3.5 percent NaCl solution for 28 days. Electrochemical measurements based on corrosion rates of paint films also were studied.


The results showed that the anticorrosive protection properties of the pigment prepared were better than with zinc oxide pigment alone.

Research limitations/implications

The pigments prepared can be used as reinforcing filler in different rubber and plastic composites providing them with an intense green color. As the concentration of cobalt oxide exceeds 15 percent, the reinforcing and effects decreased and vice versa.


Zinc chromate is one of the anticorrosive pigments most frequently used in the formulation of primers. However, its environmental aggressiveness and toxicity severely restrict its use and different green alternatives have been proposed in order to replace it. One such alternative is the pigment evaluated in this paper. New pigment applications, such as reinforcing fillers for rubber and plastic composites, also could be attractive.



Ahmed, N.M., Attia, A. and Selim, M.M. (2005), "The effect of cobalt oxide on zinc oxide in a new anticorrosive green pigment", Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Vol. 52 No. 6, pp. 353-364.



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