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Corrosion inhibition of brass by benzotriazole derivatives in NaCl solution

R. Ravichandran (Department of Chemistry, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India)
S. Nanjundan (Department of Chemistry, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India)
N. Rajendran (Department of Chemistry, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India)

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials

ISSN: 0003-5599

Article publication date: 1 August 2005

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Abstract

Purpose

Copper and its alloys are widely used in industries because of their good resistance to corrosion and are often used in cooling water systems. Brass has been widely used for shipboard condensers, power plant condensers and petrochemical heat exchangers. Brass is susceptible to the corrosion process known as dezincification by means of which brass looses its valuable physical and mechanical properties leading to failure of structure. The aim of this investigation was to control the dezincification of brass in 3 per cent NaCl solution using benzotriazole (BTA) derivatives.

Design/methodology/approach

BTA derivatives namely 1‐hydroxymethylbenzotriazole (HBTA) and N,N‐dibenzotriazol‐l‐ylmethylamine(ABTA) were synthesised and their inhibition behaviour on brass in 3 per cent NaCl solution was investigated by the weight‐loss method, potentiodynamic polarisation, electrochemical impedance and solution analysis techniques. The morphology of the brass after corrosion in the presence and absence of the BTA derivatives was examined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM).

Findings

Potentiodynamic polarisation studies showed that the BTA derivatives investigated were mixed type inhibitors, inhibiting the corrosion of brass by blocking the active sites of the brass surface. Changes in the impedance parameters (charge transfer resistance and double layer capacitance) were related to the adsorption of BTA derivatives on the brass surface, leading to the formation of a protective film. Solution analysis revealed that the BTA derivatives excellently controlled the corrosion of brass. SEM micrographs showed the formation of compact surface film on the brass surface in the presence of inhibitors, thereby providing better corrosion inhibition.

Originality/value

Contributes to research on corrosion protection for copper and its alloys.

Keywords

Citation

Ravichandran, R., Nanjundan, S. and Rajendran, N. (2005), "Corrosion inhibition of brass by benzotriazole derivatives in NaCl solution", Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Vol. 52 No. 4, pp. 226-232. https://doi.org/10.1108/00035590510603265

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2005, Emerald Group Publishing Limited