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Reactive collision avoidance of multiple realistic UAVs

Joel George Manathara (Department of Aerospace Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India)
Debasish Ghose (Department of Aerospace Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India)

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology

ISSN: 0002-2667

Article publication date: 18 October 2011

Abstract

Purpose

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have a wide variety of applications such as surveillance and search. Many of these tasks are better executed by multiple UAVs acting as a group. One of the main problems to be tackled in a high‐density UAV traffic scenario is that of collision avoidance among UAVs. The purpose of this paper is to give a collision avoidance algorithm to detect and resolve the conflicts of projected path among UAVs.

Design/methodology/approach

The collision avoidance algorithm developed in the paper handles multiple UAV conflicts by considering only the most imminent predicted collision and doing a maneuver to increase the line‐of‐sight rate to avoid that conflict. After the collision avoidance maneuver, the UAVs fly to their destinations via Dubins shortest path to minimize time to reach destination. The algorithm is tested on realistic six degree of freedom UAV models augmented with proportional‐integral controllers to hold altitude, velocity, and commanded bank angles.

Findings

The paper shows, through extensive simulations, that the proposed collision avoidance algorithm gives a good performance in high‐density UAV traffic scenarios. The proposed collision avoidance algorithm is simple to implement and is computationally efficient.

Practical implications

The algorithm developed in this paper can be easily implemented on actual UAVs.

Originality/value

There are only a few works in the literature that address multiple UAV collision avoidance in very high‐density traffic situations. This paper addresses very high‐density multiple UAV conflict resolution with realistic UAV models.

Keywords

Citation

Manathara, J.G. and Ghose, D. (2011), "Reactive collision avoidance of multiple realistic UAVs", Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, Vol. 83 No. 6, pp. 388-396. https://doi.org/10.1108/00022661111173261

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited