In Kyrgyzstan the prevalence of injecting drug behaviour is among the highest found throughout the world. Health promotion training, improved health care and needle/syringe exchange (NSE) programmes have been shown to decrease risk behaviour among injecting drug users. In Kyrgyzstan, an intervention study with training of prison staff and prisoners was performed in one prison. Before and after the training, a random selection of the prisoners answered a questionnaire about drug use, risk behaviour and health care. The survey was carried out in both the intervention prison and in a reference prison. The number of drug users, the use of drugs and risk behaviour were improved significantly within half a year and, especially, the injection and use of drugs decreased in the intervention group. The study clearly shows that increased focus, improved healthcare and training of prisoners and staff on drug use and harm reduction can reduce both use of drugs and risk behaviour.
Moller, L., Van Den Bergh, B., Karymbaeva, S., Esenamanova, A. and Muratalieva, R. (2008), "Drug use in prisons in Kyrgyzstan: a study about the effect of health promotion among prisoners", International Journal of Prisoner Health, Vol. 4 No. 3, pp. 124-133. https://doi.org/10.1080/17449200802264654Download as .RIS
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