Just as a rotten apple makes other apples around it begin to decay, so too can people influence others within their vicinity, particularly in terms of destructive emotions and behaviors. Trevino and Youngblood (1990) adopted the term ‘bad apples’ to describe individuals who engage in unethical behaviors and who also influence others to behave in a similar manner. In this chapter, the ‘bad apple’ metaphor is adopted to describe the employee whose actions and interactions create and maintain destructive faultlines and unethical exclusion behaviors that negatively impact the emotional well-being and effective and ethical performance of the team. In particular, the chapter examines the way in which ‘bad apples’ use destructive emotion management skills through the manipulation of emotional levers of others, what motivates them to do so and the implications it may have on management.
Härtel, C.E.J. and Panipucci, D. (2007), "Chapter 12 How ‘Bad Apples’ Spoil the Bunch: Faultlines, Emotional Levers, and Exclusion in the Workplace", Härtel, C.E.J., Ashkanasy, N.M. and Zerbe, W.J. (Ed.) Functionality, Intentionality and Morality (Research on Emotion in Organizations, Vol. 3), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 287-310. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1746-9791(07)03012-X
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