Early efforts in the study of groups had an inherently temporal dimension, notably work on group dynamics and the related study of phases in group problem solving. Not surprisingly, the majority of work linking time to groups has focused on team development. By contrast, work on team performance has tended to take the form Input-Process-Output, in which the passage of time is implied. There is rarely a discussion of how processes might be affected by timing. We suggest ways in which the two literatures might be brought together. We review models of group development and group performance, propose ways in which temporal issues can be integrated into performance models, and conclude by raising questions for future theory and empirical investigation.
Mannix, E. and Jehn, K.A. (2004), "LET’S NORM AND STORM, BUT NOT RIGHT NOW: INTEGRATING MODELS OF GROUP DEVELOPMENT AND PERFORMANCE", Blount, S. (Ed.) Time in Groups (Research on Managing Groups and Teams, Vol. 6), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Leeds, pp. 11-37. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1534-0856(03)06002-X
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