In this chapter, we review empirical research evidence on the relationship between stressors and catecholamines (i.e., adrenaline and noradrenaline) and cortisol. With respect to acute stressors, both laboratory and field research have shown that the exposure to stressors leads to an increase in catecholamine and cortisol levels. With respect to more chronic stressors, research evidence is less consistent. Chronic mental workload was found to be related to elevated adrenaline levels. With respect to cortisol responses the interaction between workload and other variables seems to play a role. Empirical studies suggest that chronic stressors affect the responsivity to acute stressors. Research showed that after the exposure to stressors catecholamine and cortisol recovery is delayed.
Sonnentag, S. and Fritz, C. (2006), "Endocrinological Processes Associated With Job Stress: Catecholamine and Cortisol Responses to Acute and Chronic Stressors", Perrewé, P.L. and Ganster, D.C. (Ed.) Employee Health, Coping and Methodologies (Research in Occupational Stress and Well Being, Vol. 5), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 1-59. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1479-3555(05)05001-8Download as .RIS
Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Copyright © 2006, Emerald Group Publishing Limited