Recognizing the impact of innovation on organizational performance, scholars from a number of disciplines have sought to identify the conditions that make innovation possible. Although these studies have served to identify a number of key variables, the relationship between these variables and innovation is complex. In this chapter, we argue that the apparent complexity of these relationships may be attributed to cross-level differences in the requirements for innovation and the existence of complex interactions among the phenomena operating at a given level of analysis. The implications of this multi-level perspective for understanding how innovation occurs in organizational settings are discussed.
Mumford, M.D. and Hunter, S.T. (2005), "Innovation in Organizations: A Multi-Level Perspective on Creativity", Dansereau, F. and Yammarino, F.J. (Ed.) Multi-Level Issues in Strategy and Methods (Research in Multi-Level Issues, Vol. 4), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 9-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1475-9144(05)04001-4
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