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Institutional Development and Entrepreneurship in a Transition Context

Developmental Entrepreneurship: Adversity, Risk, and Isolation

ISBN: 978-0-76231-358-7, eISBN: 978-1-84950-452-2

ISSN: 1074-7877

Publication date: 22 August 2006


The start of the second decade after the transformation process began is an appropriate time to reflect on some of the emerging policy issues affecting small business development. While emphasising that setting up, operating and developing businesses results from the creativity, drive and commitment of individuals, rather than as a result of government actions, the conditions that enable and/or constrain entrepreneurship are affected by the wider social, economic and institutional context, over which the state has a major influence. In this regard, a key point to stress is the variety of ways in which government can affect the nature, extent and pace of small business development in an economy, rather than narrowly focusing on direct support measures. As a result, when considering the question of policies to support small business development, it is necessary to consider the implications of a range of government policies, institutions and actions for the environment in which small businesses can develop, instead of just focusing on direct interventions that are specifically targeted at small businesses. This is because any benefits accruing from the latter may be more than outweighed by the negative effects of other government policies and actions and those of state institutions. This applies in mature market-based economies as well as in those at various stages of transition, although the transition context typically adds further dimensions.


Smallbone, D. and Welter, F. (2006), "Institutional Development and Entrepreneurship in a Transition Context", Galbraith, C.S. and Stiles, C.H. (Ed.) Developmental Entrepreneurship: Adversity, Risk, and Isolation (International Research in the Business Disciplines, Vol. 5), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 37-53.



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