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North American Economic and Financial Integration

ISBN: 978-0-76231-094-4, eISBN: 978-1-84950-260-3

Publication date: 30 June 2004


Disputes about Canadian exports of softwood lumber to the U.S. have persisted for more than a century. In this paper the roots of the disputes and the prospects for their resolution are examined. The focus is on the following key factors: (1) the nature of supply and demand; (2) the normative differences underlying the systems of timber management in the two countries and differences about what constitutes a “level playing field”; (3) rent seeking by stakeholders; and (4) weakness in bilateral and multilateral trade dispute resolution institutions. The paper concludes that there are good reasons to expect short term solution to the current dispute but persistence of the disputes in the long run.


Nelson, H. and Vertinsky, I. (2004), "THE CANADA-U.S. SOFTWOOD LUMBER DISPUTES", Rugman, A.M. (Ed.) North American Economic and Financial Integration (Research in Global Strategic Management, Vol. 10), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Leeds, pp. 237-262.



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