The impact of paid tax return preparers on the horizontal equity (HE) of the federal tax system has significance for regulatory and tax policy reasons. Using multiple analytical techniques to consider data from the Statistics of Income Division's 2000 Individual Model File (IMF), this study shows that the HE measure is generally greater (implying less HE) for the paid-preparer returns than for the self-prepared returns, even after controlling for complexity and other variables that may differ systematically by tax preparation mode.
Westort, P.J. and Cummings, R. (2008), "The association of paid income tax return preparers with horizontal equity", Luttman, S. (Ed.) Advances in Taxation (Advances in Taxation, Vol. 18), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 105-140. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1058-7497(08)18005-X
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