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Group identity and intergroup relations The common in-group identity model

Advances in Group Processes

ISBN: 978-0-76230-651-0, eISBN: 978-1-84950-049-4

ISSN: 0882-6145

Publication date: 31 July 2000

Abstract

Discrimination is an intergroup as well as an interpersonal phenomenon and is related to fundamental processes associated with social categorization and the development of in-group favoritism. We propose in the Common In-Group Identity Model that by understanding the factors that underlie the development of these inter-group biases, these forces can be redirected to improve intergroup relations. In particular, if members of different groups are induced to recategorize themselves as a superordinate group rather than as two separate groups, intergroup prejudice, stereotyping, and discrimination will be reduced through the extension of pro-in-group bias to former out-group members. Moreover, recategorization in the form of a dual identity, in which superordinate and subgroup identities are both salient, can achieve the benefits of a strong superordinate identity without requiring groups to forsake valued ethnic and racial identities. Data reported from laboratory studies, field experiments, and surveys involving a range of different types of groups offer converging evidence in support of the model.

Citation

Dovidio, J.F., Gaertner, S.L. and Kafati, G. (2000), "Group identity and intergroup relations The common in-group identity model", Advances in Group Processes (Advances in Group Processes, Vol. 17), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 1-35. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0882-6145(00)17002-X

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2000, Emerald Group Publishing Limited