Does staffing contribute to organizational effectiveness and sustained competitive advantage, or are many of staffing’s implications merely cross-level fallacies? This article provides a critical examination of staffing research and practice, and proposes a multilevel model of staffing that ties together micro (e.g. personnel selection), meso (e.g. team staffing), and macro (e.g. organizational strategy, Human Resources practices) theory, research, and practice. The model is both integrative and prescriptive, providing a basic organizing structure for examining staffing research within and across levels. The article begins with a review of multilevel theory, followed by a review and critique of the dominant staffing paradigms from a multilevel perspective. It is shown these single level paradigms cannot answer many of the primary questions of interest to staffing specialists. In contrast, the multilevel staffing model not only addresses these limitations, but also prompts a variety of new predictions that oftentimes run counter to prevailing wisdom. Staffing specialists are challenged to show how our science and practice contribute to better functioning organizations.
Ployhart, R.E. (2004), "ORGANIZATIONAL STAFFING: A MULTILEVEL REVIEW, SYNTHESIS, AND MODEL", Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management (Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management, Vol. 23), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 121-176. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0742-7301(04)23003-1
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