Three roads to organizational justice

Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management

ISBN: 978-0-76230-840-8, eISBN: 978-1-84950-134-7

ISSN: 0742-7301

Publication date: 5 December 2001


In this paper, we review current theoretical thinking about organizational justice. We contend that there are three major perspectives for understanding why justice perceptions predict work-relevant criteria: (a) an instrumental approach which emphasizes gains and losses, (b) an inter-personal approach which emphasizes the nature of the relationships among individuals and organizations, and (c) a moral principles approach which emphasizes commitment to ethical standards. We review each of these perspectives, identify the many conceptual frameworks that underlie each approach, and describe both common themes and gaps that exist between the three approaches.


Cropanzano, R., Rupp, D., Mohler, C. and Schminke, M. (2001), "Three roads to organizational justice", Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management (Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management, Vol. 20), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 1-113.

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Copyright © 2001, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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