Decreased regulation of part-time work is one way a country responds to high rates of unemployment. Proponents of deregulation argue that a more flexible labor market is required to allow labor markets to clear. A more traditional response to high unemployment is change in monetary policy, where interest rates are lowered to stimulate the economy and increase rates of employment. Both policies have been tried in Europe, a good place to study the effects of the two policy responses, both because European unemployment has been high and because the trade off between monetary policy and the deregulation of part time work has varied from country to country. The establishment of the European monetary union (EMU) in 1999 created a natural experiment in which any one country’s ability to adjust its monetary policy was curtailed, creating pressure for deregulatory policies to come into play (Aaronovitch & Grahl, 1997; Pisani-Ferry, 1998).
Hills, S. and Schoellner, T. (2004), "EUROPEAN RESPONSE TO HIGH RATES OF UNEMPLOYMENT: MONETARY POLICY OR DEREGULATION OF PART-TIME WORK?", Advances in Industrial & Labor Relations (Advances in Industrial & Labor Relations, Vol. 13), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 1-26. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0742-6186(04)13001-1Download as .RIS
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