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Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage

Economics Meets Sociology in Strategic Management

ISBN: 978-0-76230-661-9, eISBN: 978-1-84950-051-7

Publication date: 20 July 2000


Understanding sources of sustained competitive advantage has become a major area of research in strategic management. Building on the assumptions that strategic resources are heterogeneously distributed across firms and that these differences are stable over time, this article examines the link between firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. Four empirical indicators of the potential of firm resources to generate sustained competitive advantage-value, rareness, imitability, and substitutability are discussed. The model is applied by analyzing the potential of several firm resources for generating sustained competitive advantages. The article concludes by examining implications of this firm resource model of sustained competitive advantage for other business disciplines.


Barney, J.B. (2000), "Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage", Baum, J.A.C. and Dobbin, F. (Ed.) Economics Meets Sociology in Strategic Management (Advances in Strategic Management, Vol. 17), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Leeds, pp. 203-227.



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